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LUYỆN TỪ VỰNG QUA BÀI HỌC – PASSAGE 1

PASSAGE 1

Vocabulary:

antique (n)= an old and valuable object (= đồ cổ)

Example: The fire destroyed some valuable antiques.

* antique dealer (n) = a person who sells antiques

behemoth (n)= something that is very large and powerful (= “ông lớn”; điều gì

to lớn và hùng mạnh)

breeze (n)= something that is easy to do (= việc dễ làm)

Example: Don’t worry about this week test. It’s only a breeze.

* breeze (n) = a light wind (= một làn gió nhẹ)

Example: I let the gentle breeze cool my face.

– conjure (v)= to make sth appear by or as if by magic

(= biến hóa như trò ảo thuật; làm xuất hiện bất ngờ)

Example: She can conjure a delicious dish out of some common vegetables.

– conventional (adj)= traditional and ordinary (= theo lệ thường; bình thường) Example: The conventional teaching method does not encourage the children to think for themselves.
– customize (v)= to make or change sth according to the user’s needs (= làm hoặc thay đổi theo nhu cầu của người dùng)

 

– drawback (n)= a disadvantage (= điều bất lợi; nhược điểm)

Example: The main drawback to living in the city center is the cost.

– enhance (v)= to improve the quality of sth (= cải thiện chất lượng)

Example: Saving-labor devices can enhance the quality of life.

– equivalent (n)= a thing that is equal to sth else (= vật tương đương)

Example: Breathing this polluted air is the equivalent of smoking 20 cigarettes a day.

– grant (v)= to agree to give sth to sb (= chấp thuận cho ai món gì)

Example: Management have granted 10% pay rise in response to union pressure.

– grasp (v)= to understand completely (= hiểu thấu đáo)

Example: Some students did not grasp the main points of his lecture.

– hardback (n)= hardcover = sách bìa cứng (bán giá cao)

* paperback = sách bìa mềm (bán giá rẻ)

– impact (n)= powerful effect on sb/sth (= hiệu ứng mạnh mẽ)

Example: Her speech made a profound impact on everyone.

– instant (adj)= happening immediately (= ngay lập tức)

Example: The show was an instant success.

– overview (n)= general description or outline of sth (= cái nhìn tổng quan)

Example: I’ll give you a brief overview of what the job involves.

– petite (adj)= small and thin = (nhỏ bé, mảnh mai)
– ponderous (adj)= long, serious and boring (= lê thê buồn chán)
– purchase (v)= to buy

Example: They purchased the house for one million dollars.

– readable (adj)= clear and easy to read; legible (= dễ đọc)

Example: Some people’s handwriting is not readable.

– relic (n)= an object or tradition from the past which continues to exist (=

tàn tích)

 

– superior to (adj)= better or greater than (= tốt hơn, lớn hơn)

Example: This wine is vastly superior to the other.

* inferior to (adj) = not as good as sb/sth else (= không tốt bằng)

 

sustain (v)= to provide enough in order to exist; to maintain (= cung cấp đủ để tồn tại; duy trì)

Example: This year’s harvest is insufficient to sustain a growing

population.

– veritable (adj)= quả thật là; thật sự là

Example: With all those old things, your room is a veritable warehouse.

– version (n)= a form of sth that is slightly different from the oiriginal (= phiên bản)

Example: This is an updated version of the old software.

Expressions & phrasal verbs:

– at the touch of your finger= a quick slight movement of your finger

(= chỉ một cái chạm nhẹ bằng ngón tay)

– at your finger tips= that can be found and used very easily

(= rất đễ tìm và sử dụng)

– (welcome) with open arms= very happy and pleased to welcome sb or sth

(= rất hân hoan chào đón ai hoặc điều gì)

– put to shame= to be much better than sb/sth

(= vượt trội hơn)

I. Read the passage and choose the word or phrase that best completes the sentence or best answers the question under it.

Right now, I am looking at a shelf full of relics, a collection of has- beens, old-timers, antiques, fossils. Right now I am looking at a shelf full of books. Yes, that’s right. If you have some spare cash (the going rate is about $89) and are looking to enhance your reading experience, then I highly suggest you consider purchasing an e-reader. E-readers are replacing the books of old, and I welcome them with open arms (as you should).

If you haven’t heard of an e-reader and don’t know what it is, then please permit the following explanation. An e-reader is a device that allows you to read e-books. An e-book is a book-length publication in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, and produced on, published through, and readable on computers or other electronic devices. Sometimes the equivalent of a conventional printed book, e-books can also be born digital. The Oxford Dictionary of English defines the e-book as ”an electronic version of a printed book,” but e- books can and do exist without any printed equivalent.

So now you know what an e-reader is. But you still may be wondering why they put printed books to shame. E-readers are superior to printed books because they save space, are environmentally friendly, and provide helpful reading tips and tools that printed books do not.

E-readers are superior to printed books because they save space. The average e-readercan store thousands of digital books, providing a veritable library at your fingertips. What is more, being the size and weight of a thin hardback, the e-reader itself is relatively petite. It is easy to hold and can fit in a pocketbook or briefcase easily. This makes handling ponderous behemoths such as War and Peace, Anna Karenina, and Les Miserables a breeze. Perhaps the only drawback to the space-saving aspect of an e-reader is that it requiresyou to find new things to put on your shelves. In addition, e-readers are superior to books becausethey are environmentally friendly. The average novel is about 300 pages long. So, if a novel is printed 1000 times, it will use 300,000 pieces of paper. That’s a lot of paper! If there are about 80,000 pieces of paper in a tree, this means it takes almost 4 trees to make these 1000 books. Now, we know that the average bestseller sells about 20,000 copies per week. That means that it takes over 300 trees each month to sustain this rate. And for the super bestsellers, these figures increase dramatically. For example, the Harry Potter book series has sold over 450 million copies. That’s about 2 million trees! Upon viewing these figures, it is not hard to grasp the severe impact of printed books on the environment. Since e-readers use no trees, they represent a significant amount of preservation in terms of the environment and its resources.

Finally, e-readers are superior to books because they provide helpful reading tips and tools that printed books do not. The typical e-reader allows its user to customize letter size, font, and line spacing. It also allows highlighting and electronic bookmarking. Furthermore, it grants users the ability to get an overview of a book and then jump to a specific location based on that overview. While these are all nice features, perhaps the most helpful of all is the ability to get dictionary definitions at the touch of a finger. On even the most basic e-reader, users can conjure instant definitions without having to hunt through a physical dictionary.

It can be seen that e-readers are superior to printed books. They save space, are environmentally friendly, and provide helpful reading tips and tools that printed books do not. So what good are printed books? Well, they certainly make nice decorations.

1. As used in paragraph 1, it can be inferred that “relics has-beens, old- timers, antiques, fossils” are all words that describe something
A. ancient B. useless C. outdated D. pathetic
2. As used in paragraph 3, which of the following describes something that has been “put to shame”?
A. A dog is left outside on a frigid, dreary winter night.
B. Team A defeats Team B in a humiliating rout.
C. Martha is caught stealing at the mall and is arrested in front of a crowd of curious bystanders.
D. The machine has countless moving parts and Dustin has trouble assembling it.
3. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT one advantage of e-readers over printed books?
A. E-readers are environmentally friendly.
B. E-readers contain much more on formation.
C. E-readers do not need so much space.
D. E-readers can provide helpful reading tips.
4. Based on information in the passage, it can be inferred that War and Peace, Anna Karenina, and Les Miserables are all
A. authored by Europeans B. dense and impenetrable
C. timeless classics D. awkward or unwieldy
5. As used in paragraph 5, which is the best synonym for sustain?
A. maintain B. allow C. enforce D. yield
6. The tone of the author can best be described as
A. shrewd B. conniving C. persuasive D. authoritative

II. Which of the answers (A, B, C, or D) is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following sentences.

  1. The ponderous reporting style makes the evening news dull
    A. very aggressive B. long and serious
    C. incomprehensible D. distracting and useless
  2. The victory of the last match has enhanced the coach’s
    A. damaged B. survived C. restored                       D. improved
  3. Internet shopping has begun to have a serious impact on traditional
    A. influence B. value                C. price                          D. advantage

III. Which of the answers (A, B, C, or D) is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following sentences.

  1. She wanted a conventional marriage with a husband and one or two
    A. traditional B. different C. normal                     D. happy
  2. The new version is vastly superior to the old
    A. better B. cheaper C. greater                      D. inferior
  3. When taking the final examination, you must make sure that your handwriting is readable.
    A. legible B. difficult C. illegible                    D. comprehensible

IV. Complete each sentence with one word or phrase in the box. Use each word once

drawbackshameinstant
armsoverviewgrasp
  1. This document provides a general                                 of the organization’s policy.
  2. Some people do not fully                                     the significance of self-study.
  3. The main                                      of the project is its
  4. Their presentation was so impressive that it put ours to                                                  .
  5. The two children took a(n)                                  liking to each
  6. The new product was welcomed with open                                        .